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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-90

The mediating role of emotional distress tolerance in relationship between self-discrepancy with anxiety in people suffering from special phobias

1 Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Teaching and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Psychology, Bandargaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandargaz, Iran
4 Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Alireza Sangani
Golestan, Gorgan, GorganJadid, Alley 24, Sarv Apartments, First Floor
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JNMS.JNMS_7_19

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Context: The basis of anxiety disorders in cognitive and emotional fields can be effective in coping strategies to anxiety. Aims: This research aimed to investigate the mediating role of emotional distress tolerance in relationship between self-discrepancy with anxiety in people suffering from special phobias. Settings and Design: The present study was a correlational research with structural equation modeling. Materials and Methods: The statistical population of this study was all individuals suffering from specific phobia disorders in the 5th Azar Hospital in Gorgan City. The sample size selection, which was made by Loehlin method (2004), was 220 persons suffering from anxiety disorder referring to Psychiatric Clinics of 5 Azar Hospital in Gorgan City and was investigated by purposeful sampling. Data gathering tools included Distress Tolerance Scale, self-discrepancy questionnaire, and Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Statistical Analysis Used: The collected data were analyzed using structural regression equations using SPSS 18 and Amos 23 software. Results: The findings showed that the research model is fit and overall, 42% of the anxiety could be explained through emotional stress tolerance and self-discrepancy, and emotional distress tolerance has a mediating role in relationship self-discrepancy with anxiety. Conclusions: The results of this research emphasized the necessity of self-discrepancy as well as the role of mediator of emotional distress tolerance in anxiety in people suffering from special phobias, which can provide applied templates for improving the psychological state of anxious individuals with therapists and counselors.

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