ORC ID , Mohammad Oraki1, Mehran Zarghami2, Gholam abbas Mollazadeh Mahally1 ORC ID ">
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-41

Comparative effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group therapy and reality therapy on the quality of life of patients with seborrheic dermatitis

1 Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Behavioral Science Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Gholam abbas Mollazadeh Mahally
PhD Student, Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University of Tehran, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JNMS.JNMS_36_19

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Context: Skin diseases contribute to considerable psychological consequences and low quality of life (QOL) in these patients; it is believed that psychological status can be effective in the improvement of the disease. Aims: Therefore, this study aimed to compare the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with reality therapy (RT) on QOL in patients with seborrheic dermatitis. Setting and Design: This semi-experimental study with pre- and posttest conducted in the private clinics of Sari and Ghayemshahr. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight cases selected by purposive method and randomized in three groups of control, cognitive-behavioral, and RT. Participants in three groups' evaluated pre-posttest and follow-up (3 months after intervention) by skin QOL index Wang (1994). Intervention groups received 10 weeks intervention, whereas the control group did not receive any intervention during this study. Statistical Analysis Used: The data were analyzed using SPSS-20 software through mixed covariance analysis. Results: There was no significant difference found between the two intervention groups (P > 0.05). The comparison of the effect size of two groups showed higher effect size for CBT group 0.81 versus 0.51. Conclusion: According to the findings of the research, it can be concluded that CBT and RT are effective on QOL and severity of skin disease.

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