ORC ID , Arezoo Ahmadi2, Mohadese Heidari3, Alireza Rafiei4, Zahra Rahmani5, Mahmood Moosazadeh6, Reza Valadan4, Mostafa Kardan4, Atena Shiva7 ORC ID ">
  • Users Online: 371
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 237-240

Association between Porphyromonas gingivalis bacteria in infra-gingival plaque and premature labor with low birth weight


1 Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Dental Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2 Dentist, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Periodontology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Immunology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
5 Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
6 Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
7 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Dental Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Atena Shiva
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jnms.jnms_93_21

Rights and Permissions

Context: There are some discrepancies regarding the association between periodontal disease and preterm in the literature. Considering all periodontal pathogens, Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) is the most invasive bacterium in connective tissues, and the impact of its presence in the diverse microbial community of periodontal pathogens with a lower frequency is much greater than expected. Aim: This study investigated the association of Pg in infra-gingival plaque of preterm and low birth weight (PTLBW) mothers. Setting and Design: This descriptive correlational study was conducted on 89 women, who were referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Sari, Iran, in 2017. Materials and Methods: The samples were assigned by purposive method with 30 mothers had PTLBW newborns and 59 mothers had normal term and normal birth weight (NTNBW) neonates. The probing depth, bleeding on probing clinical attachment levels, plaque index, and gingival index were measured. A sample from the periodontal pocket was collected to distinguish the Pg in subgingival plaque by polymerase chain reaction. Statistical Analysis Used: The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Mann–Whitney U and Chi-square test. Results: According to the periodontal indexes, 37.3% and 26.7% of the mothers in the NTNBW and PTLBW were diagnosed with periodontitis, respectively. Furthermore, Pg was detected in 30% and 20.3% of the cases in the PTLBW of NTLBW mothers. The amount of Pg in infra-gingival plaque was significantly higher in the PTLBW mothers than in the NTNBW (P = 0.016). Conclusion: The results indicated that the quantity of Pg could be considered a risk factor for PTLBW delivery.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed190    
    Printed6    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded44    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal